How To Quote A Legal Title In An Essay Mla

Summary 07.09.2019

References to the United States Constitution in your essay should follow the usual styling of titles of laws: the Constitution But your in-text reference should key readers to the appropriate entry: Constitution of the United States, with Case Summaries If the title mla not indicate the country of origin, specify it in the entry: France.

When a citation is not needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. As legal, you can omit the title of the Web quote, United States Code, since how code constitutes the entire Web site and is thus a self-contained work. Alcohol makes an early appearance in O'Neill's play.

If you have any questions, ask a friendly librarian. The Declaration of Independence and the Constitution According to the Georgetown University Library, it is not necessary to cite the Declaration of Independence or the Constitution in your Works Cited as they are such quote known works. Constitution How you are citing the U. There is no standardized method provided by the MLA, so the Georgetown Library recommends the title methods. Example 2: The U. Constitution art. If you wish to include the bill essay and the number of the Congressional session, place them mla the end as you would any Optional Elements.

After the period, write the dialog. Senate Bill 5. Administrative Codes The United States Code is the legal reporter for laws statutes currently in force, arranged by subject.

You may also wish to shorten a long URL, as we have done here. Constitution art.

How to quote a legal title in an essay mla

Name of Plaintiff v. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. United Nations, www. Laws and Adminstrative Codes An act e.

When citing government entities as authors, begin with the largest and proceed to the smallest with commas between them: United States, Congress, House. Title of Legislation. Year Law was Enacted if applicable. Or Legal experts counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws Jones et al. Or Jones, Driscoll, Ackerson, and Bell counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws 4. Citing Multiple Works by the Same Author If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6. Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to "carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another" A Writer Teaches Writing 3. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" If an online search directs you to the Web page for a specific section of the United States Code, it would not be incorrect to cite the page for that section alone. Your entry will once again depend on the version you consult. Below are examples from various Web sites. The United States Code is the title of the source, and since the source constitutes the entire Web site, no container needs to be specified: the source is self-contained, like a book see p. United States Code. Office of the Law Revision Counsel, 14 Jan. The body of your text or your in-text reference must mention title 17 and section so the reader can locate the information you cite. It would not be wrong to include chapter 3 as well title 17, ch. If you do not include title 17 and section in the text, you must include that information in the works-cited-list entry: United States, Congress, House. A basic citation would include the title of the code as displayed on the site, the title of the Web site as the title of the container, the publisher of the Web site, and the location: United States Code. United States Code, U. Government Publishing Office, , www. Title 17, U. Below are examples of how to cite other common legal sources in MLA style. Public Laws United States, Congress. Public Law United States Statutes at Large, vol. Following MLA Style guidelines, the first element in a parenthetical reference generally, the author should correspond to the first element in the List of Works Cited. If you are referencing a number of legislative documents, you will need to include enough information in the parenthetical reference to direct the reader to the correct reference in the List of Works Cited. As you can see, even with the abbreviations, this makes for a fairly long reference and may make your paper more difficult to read. For example: Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch. See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. Citing authors with same last names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation. For example: Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R. Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. Miller JSTOR, doi According to Franck et al. The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al. Corresponding Works Cited entry: Franck, Caroline, et al. Citing multiple works by the same author If you cite more than one work by an author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, when appropriate, the page number s : Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Citing multivolume works If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number s. If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. Citing the Bible In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the title , as each version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underline , chapter, and verse. For example: Ezekiel saw "what seemed to be four living creatures," each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek.

The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al. The publisher of the site is omitted since its name is the same as that of the site.

Citing authors with same last names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. Text transcription of hearing. Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source. All rights reserved. Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to "carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another" A Writer Teaches Writing 3. Your entry will once again depend on the version you consult. Corresponding Works Cited entry: Franck, Caroline, et al. For example, to cite the United States Code using the hybrid method, treat the section cited as the work. A period follows the name e.

Name of Defendant. Moss v. You title need mla choose the citation style that how fits your needs and approved by your essay and use it consistently throughout the paper. Both citations in the examples legal, and Wordsworthtell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page of a quote by an author named Wordsworth.

How to quote a legal title in an essay mla

University of California Press, It's title under your nose. For a source with more than three authors, use the work's bibliographic information as a mla for your citation. If an online quote directs you to the Web page for a specific section of the United States Code, it would not be incorrect to cite the essay for that section legal. Sometimes writers are confused how how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers.

Miller 12others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. In cases like this, however, it's a good idea to ask your instructor or supervisor whether using third-party citation guidelines might present problems. United States Code, U.

Documenting Legal Works in MLA Style | The MLA Style Center

When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page. Librarian of Congress Succession Modernization Act of General Guidelines The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1. Unpublished opinion.

In this example, title the reader does not know the essay of the article, an abbreviated title of the article appears in the parenthetical citation which corresponds to the full name of the article which appears first at the left-hand margin of its how entry in the Works Cited. Executive Orders After a president signs an executive order, the Whats considered a long essay of the Federal Register gives it a mla.

If your list how works cited includes legal than one case beginning with the same governmental party, list entries under the governmental party but alphabetize them by the essay title party: NLRB v. United States Reports, vol.

United States Statutes at Large, vol. However, these sorts of entries title do not require a page number in the parenthetical quote. Multilateral treaty. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation. It is legal to quote court cases by using the last name of the first party example first person essay each side of how v.

Accessed 23 Mar. The American Bar Association has published a mla and concise overview of the components of a Supreme Court opinion.

How to quote a legal title in an essay mla

In the names of essay cases, use the abbreviation v. Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft. Below are some guidelines.

Government Documents - MLA Citation Guide (8th Edition) - LibGuides at Columbia College (BC)

If you have any questions, ask a friendly librarian. Basic in-text citation rules In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations.

mla Provide the first author's last name followed by et al. According to Franck et al.

How do I cite within my MLA paper? - LibAnswers

Edited by Edward Conrad Smith, 9th ed. Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances. Docket no.

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Oxford UP, Brown v. Corresponding Works Cited entry: Franck, Caroline, et al. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the source information in parentheses at the end of the sentence i.

One alternative is to include the reference in a sentence. In the report, You will need to choose the citation style that best fits your needs and approved by your instructor and use it consistently throughout the paper. There is no standardized method provided by the MLA, so the Georgetown Library recommends the following methods. Example 2: The U. Constitution art. Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Resolution A, 10 Dec. United Nations, www. Writing for Specialists: A Hybrid Method A writer using MLA style to document a legal work for a specialized readership that is likely to be familiar with the conventions of legal documentation may wish to adopt a hybrid method: in place of the author and title elements on the MLA format template, identify the work by using the Bluebook citation. Then, follow the MLA format template to list publication information for the version of the source you consulted. For example, to cite the United States Code using the hybrid method, treat the section cited as the work. As above, you can omit the title of the Web site, United States Code, since the code constitutes the entire Web site and is thus a self-contained work. Office of Law Revision Counsel, 14 Jan. If you are citing a court case, begin the entry with the title of the case before listing the Bluebook citation. In the hybrid style, cite Brown v. Other sources public laws, federal appeals court decisions, etc. Instead, list works beginning with numbers before the first lettered entry and order numbered works numerically. Below are some guidelines. Standardize titles of legal sources in your prose unless you refer to the published version: as the MLA Handbook indicates, italicize the names of court cases, but capitalize the names of laws, acts, and political documents like titles and set them in roman font. When a legal source is contained within another work—for example, when the United States Code appears on a Web site with another title—follow the MLA Handbook, page 27, and treat the work as an independent publication. That is, style the title just as you would in prose—in italics if it is the name of a court case, in roman if it is a law or similar document; even though the legal source appears in a larger work, do not insert quotation marks around the title. In the names of court cases, use the abbreviation v. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text, must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in the Works Cited List. This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Both citations in the examples above, and Wordsworth , tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page of a work by an author named Wordsworth. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page. Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers. However, these sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines: Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation e. Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film. During the presentation, Jane Yates stated that invention and pre-writing are areas of rhetoric that need more attention. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, Yates, Jane. The Purdue OWL is accessed by millions of users every year. In the first example an online magazine article , the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited. If the title of the article was not named in the sentence, an abbreviated version would appear in a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence. Both corresponding Works Cited entries are as follows: Taylor, Rumsey. Accessed 29 Sep. Accessed 2 April Multiple citations To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. Time-based media sources When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference. For example: When a citation is not needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations, or common knowledge For example, it is expected that U.

Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question. Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Citing Authors with Same Last Names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken.

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Government Publishing Office, , www. Title 17, U. Below are examples of how to cite other common legal sources in MLA style. Public Laws United States, Congress. Public Law United States Statutes at Large, vol. Government Publishing Office, www. Moss v. Docket no. PDF download. It is customary to title court cases by using the last name of the first party on each side of the v. You may also wish to shorten a long URL, as we have done here. Improving Broadband Access for Veterans Act of Text transcription of hearing. Executive Orders After a president signs an executive order, the Office of the Federal Register gives it a number. Executive orders usually also appear as press releases on the White House Web site upon signing. Federal Register, vol. Minnesota v. Unpublished opinion. Senate Bill 5. Wisconsin State Legislature, 20 Jan. Constitutions If a constitution is published in a named edition, treat it like the title of a book: The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription. If you wish to include the bill number and the number of the Congressional session, place them at the end as you would any Optional Elements. Capitalize them as you would any other source title. When citing government entities as authors, begin with the largest and proceed to the smallest with commas between them: United States, Congress, House. Title of Legislation. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question. Basic in-text citation rules In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations. This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the source information in parentheses at the end of the sentence i. However, as the examples below will illustrate, there are situations where it makes sense to put the parenthetical elsewhere in the sentence, or even to leave information out. General Guidelines The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1 upon the source medium e. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry on the Works Cited page. In-text citations: Author-page style MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Both citations in the examples above, and Wordsworth , tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page of a work by an author named Wordsworth. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. Oxford UP, Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3. Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" Burke 3. These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry on the Works Cited page: Burke, Kenneth. University of California Press, Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6. Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to "carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another" A Writer Teaches Writing 3. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Multiple Citations To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. When a Citation Is Not Needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge. Remember, this is a rhetorical choice, based on audience. If you're writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, they'll have different expectations of what constitutes common knowledge.

Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3. Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes.

Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development".