With the defeat of the Central Powers and the end of the Ottoman Empire, Europe was divided and tensions on the rise. There are many conflicts that contributed to the cause of World War 2. Here we take a look at the pre-war events that led to the outbreak. February League of Nations condemns Japan and calls for an end to the Japanese occupation of Manchuria.
The Japanese delegation subsequently walks out. March Enabling Act is passed, which gives dictatorial powers to Hitler.
March Japan announces its intention to leave the League of Nations. October Germany leaves the League of Nations. December Japan refuses to be limited by future naval treaties.
December Mussolini begins preparations for an Autumn invasion of Abyssinia. June The British suggest a compromise to Mussolini over Abyssinia. April 10, The leaders of the terrorist Ustasa movement proclaim the so-called Independent State of Croatia. Recognized immediately by Germany and Italy, the new state includes the province of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Croatia joins the Axis powers formally on June 15, Finland, seeking redress for the territorial losses in the armistice concluding the Winter War, joins the Axis just before the invasion. Petersburg by September. December 6, A Soviet counteroffensive drives the Germans from the Moscow suburbs in chaotic retreat. December 7, Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. Over the next three years Anglo-American bombing reduces urban Germany to rubble. June 28, —September Germany and her Axis partners launch a new offensive in the Soviet Union.
German troops fight their way into Stalingrad Volgograd on the Volga River by mid-September and penetrate deep into the Caucasus after securing the Crimean Peninsula. October 23—24, British troops defeat the Germans and Italians at El Alamein in Egypt, sending the Axis forces in chaotic retreat across Libya to the eastern border of Tunisia.
The failure of the Vichy French troops to defend against the invasion enables the Allies to move swiftly to the western border of Tunisia, and triggers the German occupation of southern France on November November 23, —February 2, Soviet troops counterattack, breaking through the Hungarian and Romanian lines northwest and southwest of Stalingrad and trapping the German Sixth Army in the city.
Forbidden by Hitler to retreat or try to break out of the Soviet ring, the survivors of the Sixth Army surrender on January 30 and February 2, The Soviets blunt the attack within a week and begin an offensive initiative of their own.
July 10, US and British troops land on Sicily. By mid-August, the Allies control Sicily. September 8, The Badoglio government surrenders unconditionally to the Allies. The Germans immediately seize control of Rome and northern Italy, establishing a puppet Fascist regime under Mussolini, who is freed from imprisonment by German commandos on September September 9, Allied troops land on the beaches of Salerno near Naples.Here we take a look at the pre-war events that led to the outbreak. December 6, A Soviet counteroffensive drives the Germans from the Moscow suburbs in chaotic retreat. October Germany leaves the League of Nations. July 10, US and British troops land on Sicily. Under attack from both sides, Poland fell quickly, and by early Germany and the Soviet Union had divided control over the nation, according to a secret protocol appended to the Nonaggression Pact.
On June 22, France signs an armistice agreement by which the Germans occupy the northern half of the country and the entire Atlantic coastline. Under attack from both sides, Poland fell quickly, and by early Germany and the Soviet Union had divided control over the nation, according to a secret protocol appended to the Nonaggression Pact. Soviet troops soon advanced into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, while Hitler gathered his forces to drive the Americans and British back from Germany in the Battle of the Bulge December January , the last major German offensive of the war.
An intensive aerial bombardment in February preceded the Allied land invasion of Germany, and by the time Germany formally surrendered on May 8, Soviet forces had occupied much of the country. Resistance in Greece ceases in early June