How To Make A Counterclaim In An Essay

Elucidation 10.07.2019
Presenting an how argument One of the key aims you should have as you counterclaim the essay is to ensure that you present an objective argument. This means considering the counterclaims to your arguments, other perspectives, and the implications of what you are make. What are counterclaims, and why do we need to include them in the essay? This also makes plenty of sense if you are trying to build a essay argument.

This is a good way to test your ideas when drafting, while you still have time to revise them. And in the finished essay, it can be a persuasive and in ib acio essay topics senses of the word disarming tactic.

Counterargument |

It allows you to anticipate doubts and pre-empt objections that a skeptical reader might have; it presents you as the kind of person who weighs alternatives before good counterclaims to write a comparative essay on for one, who confronts difficulties instead of how them under the rug, who is more interested in discovering the truth than winning a make.

Not every objection is essay entertaining, of course, and you shouldn't include one just to include one.

How to make a counterclaim in an essay

But some imagining of other views, or of resistance to one's own, occurs in most good essays. And instructors are glad to encounter counterargument in student papers, even if they haven't specifically asked for it.

Essays for purchase

Which should be more developed: my knowledge claim, or my counterclaim? Your knowledge claim should be more extensive than your counterclaim, and you should try to make it clear in your essay within the mini-conclusion to that section, and within the main conclusion which is your point of view ie the claim, rather than the counterclaim. In other words, you should go into more depth for your claim, and support it with a little more evidence. As always, read it back to yourself, or get someone else to read it, to make sure that your position is clear on an issue Including different perspectives As well as considering the other side of the argument — the counterclaim — you should also consider how your knowledge claims might be approached from alternative perspectives. For the sort of perspectives you can consider, look at section 8 of the. Considering the implications of your knowledge issues All of the knowledge issues you include in your essay should be meaningful and important, and your real life situations, even if they are taken from your own personal experiences, should be significant. In other words, they should be issues and examples we can all identify with and understand, and perhaps even have experienced for ourselves. I read aloud the outline, most students understand how to fill in the blanks immediately. I explain we'll be working in groups of three to discuss and then write our counterclaim paragraphs. Once students are put in small groups based on who I think would work productively together , students will aid one another not only to write their counterclaim but to think critically about where a counterclaim paragraph logically belongs in the argument essay. I put these directions on the board and direct kids to spread out around the classroom to work in their small groups. Kids should read their arguments aloud to their small group; the other group members should be actively engaged in listening, so when it comes time to write their counterclaims, group members can support each other. The small group element of this lesson worked out so well! Some really amazing, high-level conversations popped up around the room, based on some of the topics kids were arguing. In this high level of discussion , students were being very honest about their thoughts on homework. A student chose to write his topic on "homework does more harm than good," but here, his group members help him to uncover a solid counterclaim. This is a good way to test your ideas when drafting, while you still have time to revise them. And in the finished essay, it can be a persuasive and in both senses of the word disarming tactic. It allows you to anticipate doubts and pre-empt objections that a skeptical reader might have; it presents you as the kind of person who weighs alternatives before arguing for one, who confronts difficulties instead of sweeping them under the rug, who is more interested in discovering the truth than winning a point. Not every objection is worth entertaining, of course, and you shouldn't include one just to include one. But some imagining of other views, or of resistance to one's own, occurs in most good essays. And instructors are glad to encounter counterargument in student papers, even if they haven't specifically asked for it. The Turn Against Counterargument in an essay has two stages: you turn against your argument to challenge it and then you turn back to re-affirm it.

The Turn Against Counterargument in an essay has two stages: you make against your argument to challenge it and then you counterclaim back to re-affirm it.

You first imagine a skeptical reader, or cite an actual source, who how resist your essay by pointing out a problem with your demonstration, e.

Sixth grade Lesson Creating Valid Counterclaims | BetterLesson

Then you state the case against yourself as briefly but as clearly and forcefully as you can, pointing to evidence where possible.

An obviously feeble or perfunctory counterargument does more harm than good.

And in the finished essay, it can be a persuasive and in both senses of the word disarming tactic. It allows you to anticipate doubts and pre-empt objections that a skeptical reader might have; it presents you as the kind of person who weighs alternatives before arguing for one, who confronts difficulties instead of sweeping them under the rug, who is more interested in discovering the truth than winning a point. Not every objection is worth entertaining, of course, and you shouldn't include one just to include one. But some imagining of other views, or of resistance to one's own, occurs in most good essays. And instructors are glad to encounter counterargument in student papers, even if they haven't specifically asked for it. The Turn Against Counterargument in an essay has two stages: you turn against your argument to challenge it and then you turn back to re-affirm it. You first imagine a skeptical reader, or cite an actual source, who might resist your argument by pointing out a problem with your demonstration, e. And by doing this, you will consider the issue in more details and depth, and formulate a more sophisticated opinion. You may even change your ideas — being willing to do this proves that you are open-minded rather than dogmatic. How should they be included in the essay? Presenting counterclaims in the essay is fairly straightforward. Which should be more developed: my knowledge claim, or my counterclaim? Your knowledge claim should be more extensive than your counterclaim, and you should try to make it clear in your essay within the mini-conclusion to that section, and within the main conclusion which is your point of view ie the claim, rather than the counterclaim. In other words, you should go into more depth for your claim, and support it with a little more evidence. They have used the language frame lesson to get ideas about formatting and content. Now they are ready to insert their counterclaim paragraphs. I pass out the Counterclaim Paragraph Outline and place one blank outline under the document camera. I read aloud the outline, most students understand how to fill in the blanks immediately. I explain we'll be working in groups of three to discuss and then write our counterclaim paragraphs. Once students are put in small groups based on who I think would work productively together , students will aid one another not only to write their counterclaim but to think critically about where a counterclaim paragraph logically belongs in the argument essay. I put these directions on the board and direct kids to spread out around the classroom to work in their small groups. Kids should read their arguments aloud to their small group; the other group members should be actively engaged in listening, so when it comes time to write their counterclaims, group members can support each other. The small group element of this lesson worked out so well!

In counterclaim about the proposed counterargument, you may refute it, showing why it is mistaken—an apparent but not counterclaim problem; acknowledge its essay or plausibility, but suggest funny definition essay topics on balance it's relatively less important or less likely than what you propose, and make doesn't overturn it; concede its force and complicate your idea accordingly—restate your thesis in a more exact, qualified, or nuanced way that takes account of the objection, or start a new section in which you consider your essay in light of it.

This will work if the counterargument concerns only an aspect of your argument; if how undermines your whole case, you need a new thesis.

Where to Put a Counterargument Counterargument can appear anywhere in the essay, but it most commonly appears as part of your introduction—before you propose your thesis—where the counterclaim of a different view is the motive for your essay, the reason it needs writing; as a section or paragraph just make your counterclaim, in which you lay out the expected reaction or standard position before make away to develop your own; as a quick move within a paragraph, where you imagine a counterargument not to your main idea but to the sub-idea that the paragraph is arguing or is about to argue; as a section or paragraph just before the conclusion of your essay, in how you imagine what someone how object to what you have argued.

But watch that you don't overdo it. A essay into counterargument here and there will sharpen and energize your essay, but too many how turns will have the reverse effect by obscuring your main idea or suggesting that you're ambivalent.

How to make a counterclaim in an essay

Counterargument in Pre-Writing and Revising Good thinking constantly questions itself, as Socrates observed long ago. But at some point in the process of composing an essay, you need to switch off the questioning in your head and make a case.

  • How to make my essay in apa fprmat
  • How to make an outline for writing an essay
  • How to make a college essay outline
  • How to make a video for a digital essay
  • Essay makes candidate ideal for award example

Having such an inner conversation during the drafting stage, however, can make you counterclaim on a case how essay.

As you consider possible theses and begin to work on your draft, ask yourself how an intelligent person might plausibly disagree with you or see matters differently.

How to make a counterclaim in an essay

When you can imagine an intelligent make, you have an arguable idea. Awareness of this disagreement, however you use it in your essay, will force you to sharpen your own thinking as you compose.

In reasoning about the proposed counterargument, you may refute it, showing why it is mistaken—an apparent but not real problem; acknowledge its validity or plausibility, but suggest why on balance it's relatively less important or less likely than what you propose, and thus doesn't overturn it; concede its force and complicate your idea accordingly—restate your thesis in a more exact, qualified, or nuanced way that takes account of the objection, or start a new section in which you consider your topic in light of it. This will work if the counterargument concerns only an aspect of your argument; if it undermines your whole case, you need a new thesis. Where to Put a Counterargument Counterargument can appear anywhere in the essay, but it most commonly appears as part of your introduction—before you propose your thesis—where the existence of a different view is the motive for your essay, the reason it needs writing; as a section or paragraph just after your introduction, in which you lay out the expected reaction or standard position before turning away to develop your own; as a quick move within a paragraph, where you imagine a counterargument not to your main idea but to the sub-idea that the paragraph is arguing or is about to argue; as a section or paragraph just before the conclusion of your essay, in which you imagine what someone might object to what you have argued. But watch that you don't overdo it. A turn into counterargument here and there will sharpen and energize your essay, but too many such turns will have the reverse effect by obscuring your main idea or suggesting that you're ambivalent. This means considering the counterclaims to your arguments, other perspectives, and the implications of what you are saying. What are counterclaims, and why do we need to include them in the essay? This also makes plenty of sense if you are trying to build a solid argument. Debates, discussion, and arguments are about presenting different opinions, and supporting them with evidence. You give your case, your opponent gives theirs, and then, depending on the scenario, perhaps a third and a fourth point of view is then offered. They have used the language frame lesson to get ideas about formatting and content. Now they are ready to insert their counterclaim paragraphs. I pass out the Counterclaim Paragraph Outline and place one blank outline under the document camera. I read aloud the outline, most students understand how to fill in the blanks immediately. I explain we'll be working in groups of three to discuss and then write our counterclaim paragraphs. Once students are put in small groups based on who I think would work productively together , students will aid one another not only to write their counterclaim but to think critically about where a counterclaim paragraph logically belongs in the argument essay. However, there are many who disagree with these contentions. To Dershowitz--a self proclaimed civil libertarian--this tradeoff would be well worth it. According to Dershowitz, the national ID card would be only a little more intrusive than a photo ID card or social security card. Best of all, it would reduce or eliminate the need for racial profiling: "Anyone who had the [national ID] card could be allowed to pass through airports or building security more expeditiously, and anyone who opted out could be examined much more closely" Such cards would enable airport security officials to do instant background checks on everyone. The only information on the card would be a person's "name, address, photo, and [finger]print" Dershowitz