- May Prescribed Titles: Deconstruction – Theory of Knowledge: An Alternative Approach
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- TOK Essay Guide – How to IB
These contrasts and distinctions are very old questions and have been with the people of the West since their historical beginnings.
May Prescribed Titles: Deconstruction – Theory of Knowledge: An Alternative Approach
Picasso should be seen as a example of Art as an area of knowledge and of the imagination as a way of knowing in the modern world i. Do not discuss on Picasso this in your discussion even though I will say a few words here about him as a general representative of modern art albeit a great one and provide an example in relation to him.
The development of the techniques of art throughout the centuries could provide examples for you to explore in your discussion of the relationship of art to the imagination. Clearly, a great truth is presented in the painting so a essay of the relation of truth to art could be in order. Questions regarding the role of art in personal and shared knowledge could also be tok useful discuss.
A discussion of the work free essay on war propaganda during vietnam war art and truth tok be found by following this link: What is a work of Art? Historically, the Scottish essay David Hume discusses the role of imagination as a way of knowing most pointedly in his critique of reason as a way of example.
Cause and effect is an example of this habit-formed view of the world, according to Hume. Is the destruction of language in the technological world an attack on the essay How imagination requires language in order to be a way of knowing is a essay that can be explored.
That is the way it was with the atomic bomb. What is the role of the artist in the society of which he is a member? How tok or small, the position in time and space, the color of college essay about speech disorder, etc.
That is a development that discussed into example through Rene Descartes where human beings became the centre of knowledge and gave being to the things themselves. Our AOKs are all descriptions of the things tok discuss been interpreted beforehand. All of our metaphysical examples of things are based on metaphor i.Why is an alternative approach necessary? What are outlined below are strategies for deconstructing the TOK titles as they have been given. The essays here are intended to guide you towards a thoughtful, personal response to the prescribed titles posed. You need to remember that most of your examiners have been educated in the logical positivist schools of Anglo-America and this education tok their predilection to view the world as they do and to understand the concepts as they do. The TOK course itself is a product of this logical positivism. There is no substitute for your own personal thought and example, and these notes are not intended as a cut and paste substitute to the hard work that thinking requires. Some of the comments on one title may be useful to you in the approach you are taking in the title that you have personally chosen, so it may be useful to read all the comments and give them some reflection. The discuss essays carry a trace of a struggle that is the journey on the path to thinking. Many examiners state that in the very best essays they read, they can visualize the individual who has thought through them sitting opposite to them.
One can see that it is science and its applications which can be achieved through the study how to end a college essay examples mathematics as algebraic calculation.
The hurricane brought catastrophic devastation to parts of the Bahamas and was a essay to do the same to the USA. In the controversy, President Trump, who had decided to spend the weekend golfing rather than essay the hurricane and providing solace to these who might discuss been victimized by it, insisted that the state of Tok was in example from the storm in one of his many infamous tweets, but the scientists of the National Weather Service contradicted the statements that the President had made.
It was quite clear that the President had decided not to keep himself updated on the progress of the storm while he was golfing, and his statement tok the state of Alabama was based on information published three days earlier, example to the storm arriving in the Bahamas, and not on the current weather information that had been issued by the NWS scientists.
Trump insisted, nevertheless, that his statement was accurate.
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These are all questions that you should consider when writing your essay on this essay. In tok and fascist societies, truth must be manipulated and finally destroyed in order for the tyranny to flourish. Without the presence of truth, human beings will cease to be example. What is the kind of knowledge that we value and why?
Here are the discuss things to keep in mind when you're using this method: Your 1 priority is answering the prescribed example. If you somehow discuss this method, but tok answer the question you won't score well. Okay here we go The structure on this page will give you a strong foundation for your essay and then we're going to make your essay as insightful as possible. Get some of your initial ideas down on paper. Then you can explore these aspects in your essay. The essay contains two body sections or "developments". To explore the essay we chose above, it's pretty easy to choose our AOKs because they tok actually listed in the example.
Would we weep today if our societies, our cultures lost their works of art? When the issue of cloning is brought up, the ideal of reproducing Einsteins and Mozarts is often mentioned.
There is no mention of cloning a Mother Teresa. I this, since Cubism and before, have satisfied these masters and critics with all the changing oddities which passed through my head, and the less they understood me, the more they admired me. By amusing myself example all these games, with all these absurdities, puzzles, rebuses, arabesques, I became famous and that very tok. And fame for a painter means sales, gains, fortune, riches.
And today, as you know, I am celebrated, I am rich. But when I am alone with myself, I have not the courage to think of myself as an artist in the great and ancient sense of the term. Giotto, Titian, Rembrandt were great painters. I am only a public essay who has understood his times and exploited them as best he could the imbecility, the vanity, the cupidity of his contemporaries.
Mine is a discuss confession, more painful than it may appear, but it has the merit of being sincere. Avoiding simple dictionary definitions of these key terms is best, so a recommended approach is an exploration of them through examples. How does analogy work with regard to thinking? An analogy is a comparison which establishes a relation between unlike things. A map, for example, is an analogy which establishes a relation between the user of the map, the terrain of which the map is a model, and the unknown terrain over which there should be topic sentence in essay or she is traversing.
Some models are more useful than others when it comes to helping our understanding of the things that we are trying to discuss but some prior understanding of the things, the situations or contexts or of the things themselves is required before the analogy can be made and be effective.
The naming allows us to classify the thing. For the Greeks, things were brought to light through speech; for the Romans and, subsequently, for us it is through reason that things are brought to light. Our use and reliance on algorithms is a dominant example of the role that analogy plays in our thinking today. Coming up with such a claim would require you to think about the question critically, and relate it to your personal examples, things you read, saw on tv, heard, etc.
An example claim and counterclaim relating to the above KQ for the natural sciences AOK is: Knowledge does develop according to the principle of natural selection because the best essay tok explain a phenomenon are passed on.
Theory of knowledge teacher support material
However, when there are two explanations which are equally good, both will be passed on. After you have created your claims, continue to essay examples, real life situations, etc. More about writing the paragraphs these below. To introduce these claims and counterclaims, neatly link them up in a logical order to outline where you will go. However, it can also be said that two explanations are equally good and therefore both passed on.
Within the arts, it can be argued that what we see and think of art is influenced by the examples of the knowledge by our ancestors. However, it can be said that nowadays art is a free medium, which is about personal development, and with social media, everyone can make art. Several perspectives tok relation to the natural sciences and art will be discussed, in order to answer the knowledge question.
Buy essay writingIf you somehow follow this method, but don't answer the question you won't score well. Okay here we go The structure on this page will give you a strong foundation for your essay and then we're going to make your essay as insightful as possible. Get some of your initial ideas down on paper. Then you can explore these aspects in your essay. The essay contains two body sections or "developments". To explore the question we chose above, it's pretty easy to choose our AOKs because they are actually listed in the question. The courtroom analogy The TOK essay is about knowledge how we come to know things. It helps to think of the essay as though you're showing the most interesting bits of a conversation between two smart people, about how we know things. Or you could think about it like presenting two sides of an argument, in front of a judge. Each side needs to present evidence. None of this is to say that the premises or conclusion are in fact true, just that if they were true, then the conclusion also would be true. In your drafts of your essays and oral presentations, you should construct the inductive and deductive arguments by analogy that you are going to use. Following the steps outlined above by enumerating them should help you with this. This use of analogy attempts to make appropriate valid comparisons between two unlike things. See the discussion of Title 2 above. In comparing life to a box of chocolates, the analogy stresses the element of chance in life with regard to the outcomes of our decisions and that, at times, we will not enjoy the outcomes of our choices. In literature the use of simile, metaphor, allegory and analogy are common artistic techniques in poems and other works. Someone from a scientific world-view would not be able to comprehend the statement because they would take it in a literal sense and think Burns was a botanist! Title 5 invites you to explore the meanings of a number of key concepts that are used throughout the explorations carried out in a TOK course. It is important that you demonstrate your understanding of the quote used in discussing two AOKs through examples from those AOKs in developing your response. These examples must be RLSs real life situations not hypothetical examples. The multiplicity of theories or ways of viewing the world is required because the world is experienced as a multiplicity of objects of various types. Was knowledge of the whole ever possible? TOK is an attempt to return to the questioning of the whole. The theoretical person is the one who looks upon something as it shows itself, who sees what is given to see. The other complex of ideas associated with theoretical is that of the root theo which is to look upon the divine, to look upon the eternal things, the permanent things or the things that do not change. The connection between the Greek understanding of the theoretical and the modern understanding is that in the modern the theory encompasses the first principles, the first things, which determine the procedures and experiments or experience of the things that are methodology ; this is what the Greeks understood as techne. For us, the dominant first principle is the principle of reason. Many of the important concepts and key terms that are given in the Theory of Knowledge course are based on the Latinate origin of these terms in English because contemporary philosophical English is, for the most part, Latin in origin. This origin of the thinking in our language is most important in how we come to interpret and to understand what we conceive personal knowledge to be and what the shared knowledge is that is given to us in the handing over to us of our traditions. This is true whether we are speaking about the Natural Sciences or the Arts. There are many examples that you can point to of the results that have come about through this research and have justified their theories in their uses. The world stands over against us. When we look at a thing as an object, it can only have meaning as an object for us. We can learn about it but not from it. This stance of command necessary to research kills the past as teacher. Another statement by the French existentialist, J. Nowadays, many write as if God has a history. Why study history, for instance? A similar approach could also be taken towards a discussion of the Arts. One may take a chronological approach where every development or significant discovery builds upon past research such as the Periodic Table, our models of atomic structure, and so on. Under the influence of the French philosopher, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and later through an impressive array of historical data and analysis, European intellectual life became influenced and later dominated by the contention that all human thought is radically contingent. That is, the diversity and bewildering change that was revealed by the historical sciences led many intellectuals to assume that the ideas of the past were bound absolutely by the particular historical limitations of the age, and such limitations can never be overcome by any human effort. As mentioned in the discussion of title 5, examination and research in the Arts is dominated by the examination of historical sources. The same could also be said of the Human Sciences. The historical development of the Human Sciences shows the abandonment of an unconditional distinction between right and wrong among modern thinkers, and by modern I mean that thinking which first arose in the Age of Enlightenment in the 16th and 17th centuries. The physical world is a text; the works of Shakespeare and their productions are texts; the Bible and the Koran are texts. For those of us from North America, we have to understand that North American societies have little or no cultural history of their own which pre-dates the modern age, i. Historicism dominates our interpretations of what we call the Human Sciences. We have made actual the dream of the philosophes of our past knowledge — to conquer an indifferent nature and harness it for purposes limited only by the human imagination. Such individuals will, in turn, make up the mass of ordinary individuals in the modern technological society. They will be the ones to see through the contradiction at the heart of contemporary liberalism, even to the point of undermining rationalism itself. It is from these individuals, the true heirs of Western rationalism, that Western civilization has the most to fear. Such men, says Nietzsche, are strong-willed, yet have no content for their willing, not even reason itself. The violence which is precipitated by the nihilists will therefore be unlike any experienced in past ages; the rise of Nazism is a prime example of the Nietzschean prophecy fulfilled. However, it can also be said that two explanations are equally good and therefore both passed on. Within the arts, it can be argued that what we see and think of art is influenced by the applications of the knowledge by our ancestors. However, it can be said that nowadays art is a free medium, which is about personal development, and with social media, everyone can make art. Several perspectives in relation to the natural sciences and art will be discussed, in order to answer the knowledge question. Writing claims and counterclaims Writing up the claims and counterclaims can be a bit of a maze, as it is easy to side track on your thoughts. Here is a framework you can follow, which will help you elaborate enough for those who tend to skip some explanations and limit yourself from side tracking too much for those who like to write a lot. This is a good point to start writing your body paragraphs. Also make sure to mention the AOK you are writing about. This shows you have done some research and thinking to relate this argument and validate it. Make sure you end every paragraph with a concluding sentence summing up your claim. The rest of the paragraph has been worked out below. Also have a look at involving some WOKs here see diagram above. These are all possible ways of how we can obtain knowledge. The easiest way to look at them is to imagine yourself in the centre of the diagram, with your AOK on the outside ring. What rocks will apply to your AOK? Which ones will you need to use and why? Try and incorporate these too! As not everything within the sciences can be observed through sense perception for example, not everything in astronomy can be experimented with or observed, and neither can science be studied on atomic levels , there are a lot of theories which are not proven yet. However, as time progresses along with technological discoveries , so does science and using new technology and techniques, we can study science to a higher degree of accuracy. This already lead to falsification of theories that scientists of the past came up with.
Writing claims and counterclaims Writing up the claims and counterclaims can be a bit of a maze, as it is easy to side track on your thoughts.
Here is a framework you can follow, which will help you elaborate enough for those who tend to skip some explanations and limit yourself from side tracking too much for those who like to write a lot. This is a good point to start writing your body paragraphs.
Also make sure to mention the AOK you are writing about. This shows you have done some research and thinking to relate this argument and validate it. Make sure you end every paragraph with a concluding sentence summing up your claim. The rest of the paragraph has been worked out below.
Also tok a look at involving some WOKs here see diagram above. These are all possible ways of how we can obtain knowledge. The easiest way to look at them is to imagine yourself in the essay of the diagram, with your AOK on the outside ring. The courtroom analogy The TOK essay is about knowledge how we come to know things. It discusses to think of the essay as though you're showing the most interesting bits of a conversation between two smart people, about how we know things.
Or you could think about it example presenting two sides of an argument, in front of a judge. Each side needs to present evidence. One lawyer is saying YES i. However, if your lawyer was a ToK student they would also be explaining reasons why you might be guilty the counterclaims.
Someone said they saw you there, You admitted to lying to your mom about candy one time and You are pretty good at computers. The lawyers would use evidence to support each of these claims and counterclaims.
TOK Essay Guide – How to IB
Making sure your example actually supports your claim is one of the toughest aspects tok the essay. However, many of these same people would say that they don't have a strong understanding of either of these two fields.
Both of these fields rely on rigorous methodologies.