CMS Essay Film Format

Deliberation 01.10.2019

CMOS NB Sample Paper // Purdue Writing Lab

Citing Part of a Source When citing a specific part of a source, document the film name of the essay, the year of publication and the page numbers or chapter, section, line numbers, etc. Volume, edition, etc. Be sure to use Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3 nor Roman i, ii, iii. Electronic Resources: The official Chicago Manual of Style website, updated regularly, is the format guide to all things CMS: the organization, its journals, products and services.

United States treaties and other international agreements. Reprint, Chicago: Afro-Am Press. Record album. Keep Press in CMS where the names could be confusing without it Free Press or when part how to read essays the name of a university press.

Look for these buttons in MS Word: You might think that justified text looks better, but your instructor will likely disagree.

CMS essay film format

Audio and Video Recordings 1. Be careful not to CMS too much or at length throughout the paper, though. TIAS no. Separate names by a essay. Titles of plays should be italicized. Example: Atkinson, Rick.

Spacing Most of your essay should be double-spaced. Alignment Make sure the text of your essay is left-aligned. This list is a selective bibliography and does not include a full accounting of sources related to or consulted before you began writing your document, but only those actually cited. Without it the in-text numbers would make little sense as they would no longer be pointing at any corresponding entries in the end documentation. Note: Unless informed otherwise, you can count on your instructor not counting the References List page in the total page count of an eight page assignment. The page itself should be formatted in the following way: The title-References List-should be centered one inch from the top of the page. This may also be called a Literature Cited or Works Cited page. Double space between the title and first entry; all subsequent entries should be single spaced. Arrange entries alphabetically, according to author, last names first. Individual entries should be formatted in the following way: The first line of each entry should be flush-left while any subsequent lines are indented five spaces. The date of publication follows directly after the author's name. First names are often, though not always, abbreviated. Use the "down" or "sentence style" for titles and subtitles, capitalizing only the first letter of the first word, as well as any proper nouns and adjectives that are included. Book with Unknown Author s References List Format: When no author is listed on the title or copyright page, begin the entry with the title of the work. Example: Letting Ana Go. Example: International Monetary fund. Example: Goodwin, Doris Kearns. New York: Simon and Schuster, Book with Two Authors Note: Names must always appear in the same order as found on the Title page of the work being cited. References List Format: List the authors in the order in which they appear on the title page. Book with Three Authors Note: Names must always appear in the same order, separated by commas, as found on the Title page of the work being cited. Next Author s -First Names or initials first. Year of Publication. Book Title-in italics. Number ed. Place of Publication: Name of Publisher. Example: Alred, Gerald J. Brusaw, and Walter E. The Business Writer's Handbook. Book with Four or More Authors Note: Names must always appear in the same order as found on the Title page of the work being cited. Use the last name first rule for the first author and the first name first rule for all other authors. Separate names with commas. Next Author s - Initials or First Names first. Example: Douglass, Frederick. Edited by Ira Dworkin. New York: Penguin Books, References List Format Translator : List the author first and the translator after the title. Example: Ali, Nujood, and Delphine Minoui. I Am Nujood, Age 10 and Divorced. Translated by Linda Coverdale. New York: Three Rivers Press, Relativism: A Contemporary Anthology. New York: Columbia University Press, Chapter in a Book or Selection in an Anthology References List Format: Give the author and title in quotation marks for the chapter or selection. Then give the title, editor if any , and publication data for the book or anthology. In the bibliography, give the inclusive page numbers before the publication data. Example: Dalrymple, William. Chapter Title-No quotation marks-No italics. Number-if applicable. In Book Title-in italics. Example: Williams, Susan Millar. Cross Purposes. Athens and London: Univ. Book Editions Second, Third, etc. You don't need to provide a access date unless required by your professor. However, it also states "it is never wrong to include the issue number, and doing so can be a hedge against other errors" p. So, if in doubt, go ahead and include it. High page numbers indicate continuous pagination. If you're still not sure, go to the journal's homepage and look up the issues in that volume. Find the page numbers for the first article in each issue. Journal articles usually only need the year. But some may specify a season or month. The last name is usually appropriate, so use Welles, not Orson. But in some cases the first name would be more correct Charlie, for example, if it is important to refer to Kane when he is a child. Don't use the characters' initials to abbreviate in a formal paper, though. Shorter film titles like Citizen Kane should be spelled out in full; use your best judgment here. But you can abbreviate longer films titles after the first mention. You could just say Mood, for example, but only after your first full mention spelling out In the Mood for Love. Keep this consistent throughout the paper too. No terms should be defined in your paper; you should just use them fluently and confidently in the course of your analysis. Be careful not to quote too much or at length throughout the paper, though. Use quotes sparingly but effectively as evidence from the film to support your implicit meaning; this paper is too short for heavy quotation. Subheadings can be distinguished by font-size. Ensure that each level of hierarchy is clear and consistent. Levels of subheads can be differentiated by type style, use of boldface or italics, and placement on the page, usually either centered or flush left. Use no more than three levels of hierarchy. Avoid ending subheadings with periods. Turabian has an optional system of five heading levels. Turabian Subheading Plan. Never reuse a number - use a new number for each reference, even if you have used that reference previously. Be sure to look at shortened form examples for sources you refer to more than once. To cite multiple sources in a single note, separate the two citations with a semicolon. Directed by First Name Last Name. Distributor City: Distributor, Year of Release.

Do place a comma between the year and page formats CMS used in parenthetical essay. Holden, Stephen. Use italic or roman film as needed. The following example is for a non-periodical portable source.

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Place author date citations before a mark of punctuation whenever possible. Parenthetical citations usually follow direct quotations. If you cannot name a specific page number, you have other options for helping your readers find your source work. Section sec. It may be helpful to cite specific chapters or paragraphs. In the case of electronic works in particular, you may have to create your own signposts: e. When you have several sources by the same author written in the same year, list them alphabetically by title on your references page Append the letters a, b, c, etc. Directed by First Name Last Name. Distributor City: Distributor, Year of Release. Doe, Jane. Serial Congressional Journals References List Format: List the Congressional body name, the name of the journal in italics , the year, number of Congress abbreviated , the number of session abbreviated , the day, month and year. Senate Journal. Congressional Hearings References List Format: List the Congressional body name, the year, the Committee name, the title of the Hearing in italics , the abbreviated number of Congress, the abbreviated number of session, the day and month. Committee on Foreign Relations. Committee on Public Works. Effects and methods of control of thermal discharges. Report prepared by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. Committee Print Congressional Bills and Resolutions Note: Congressional bills and resolutions are normally cited in the running text of a document, however, when included in the References List, follow the example below. Interstate Child Support Enforcement Act. Congressional Record, , no. Public Law numbers, the abbreviated number of Congress, the abbreviated number of session, the day, month and year. Public Law Statutes at Large in italics , the year, the volume number, the page number s and the name of the law when available; in italics. Statutes at Large. Laws and Statutes Incorporated Into the U. Code in italics , the volume number and the section number. Farm Credit Act. Code Annotated. Presidential Documents 1. Proclamation or Executive Order. Proclamation or Executive Order Title. Medium-if applicable. Display of the flag of the United States of America at half-staff upon the death of certain officials and former officials. Federal Register 19, no. Number of Congress-abbreviated, Number of Session-abbreviated. In Compilation of the messages and papers of the presidents, in italics. Washington, D. Carter, Jimmy. Public papers of the presidents of the United States: Jimmy Carter, Government Documents and Publications 1. Executive Department Publications References List Format: In general, give the issuing body, then the title and any other information such as report numbers that would help your readers locate the source. Follow with the publication data and the page numbers if relevant. Department of Agriculture. House of Representatives. Attorney-client privilege and the right of congressional access to documents for oversight purposes in the case of the suspension of the telephone loan programs by the U. Publication Title-in italics. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Annual report of the U. Year of Treaty. Treaty Title. Day Month of Treaty. TIAS Number. Publication Name-in italics. Number, Part Number-if text instead of microform. Department of State. TIAS no. United States treaties and other international agreements. Report Title-in italics. State Laws and Municipal Ordinances Note: State laws or municipal ordinances are normally cited in the running text, although compilations of state laws codes or municipal ordinances may be cited in the References List. State Laws or Municipal Compilation Title-in italics. Editor Name -in parenthesis. Revised Statutes, Annotated Michie Co. When a work is of unknown origin, use the first word of its title, excluding definite or indefinite articles which may be transposed to the end of the title. When the author's name is known but does not appear on the title page place it before the title as you would normally, but in [brackets]. When the author's name is uncertain, indicate so with a question mark inside the [brackets? Example Parsons, Elsie Clews. Folk-lore of the Sea Islands, South Carolina. Reprint, Chicago: Afro-Am Press. Passing Race, A. For subtitles, place a colon after the main title and start the subtitle on a separate line. Footnotes and Bibliography. But in some cases the first name would be more correct Charlie, for example, if it is important to refer to Kane when he is a child. Don't use the characters' initials to abbreviate in a formal paper, though. Shorter film titles like Citizen Kane should be spelled out in full; use your best judgment here. But you can abbreviate longer films titles after the first mention. You could just say Mood, for example, but only after your first full mention spelling out In the Mood for Love. Keep this consistent throughout the paper too. No terms should be defined in your paper; you should just use them fluently and confidently in the course of your analysis. Be careful not to quote too much or at length throughout the paper, though. Use quotes sparingly but effectively as evidence from the film to support your implicit meaning; this paper is too short for heavy quotation. While they can be useful in much longer papers, this paper is too short for them. Shift from one section to the next via smoothly written transitions, not subheadings. Graduate students excepted. If you're still not sure, go to the journal's homepage and look up the issues in that volume. Find the page numbers for the first article in each issue. Journal articles usually only need the year. But some may specify a season or month. Magazine, newspaper, and newsletter articles require the year and the exact date month or month and day. Sangster and Scataglinibelghitar, "Luca Pacioli," Magazine Article, Online 1. Lev, "How to Win. Newspaper Article, Online Footnote First 1.

And a subsequent in-text citation will look like: The proposal requested new and increased salaries for theatre CMS BBTC Read by author. See Chicago Manual of Style for more examples. They may also be on DVD or film online through Netflix or other online sources, but be VERY careful about free streaming sources on YouTube and other sites, since the quality is often poor and it may not format be the complete essay for which you are responsible.

No page numbers are necessary. The citation format will vary according to whether the author's name is mentioned in the sentence being cited. The citation is placed in parentheses directly following the information being cited. When the citation falls at the end of the sentence, the parenthetical note precedes the end punctuation period. There is a space, not a comma, between the author's name and the date. Example: In a recent study of sustainable management techniques Myers Citing an Entire Source: Author Name Included in Preceding Sentence Format: When the author's name is mentioned in the sentence, you may omit this name from the parentheses to avoid redundancy, using only the date. The date in parentheses should follow the author's name. In cases where the source itself is being cited rather than the author, the parentheses around the date may be omitted. Example One: Myers compared sustainable management techniques Example Two: In Myers , sustainable management techniques are compared to more conventional practices. Citing Part of a Source When citing a specific part of a source, document the last name of the author, the year of publication and the page numbers or chapter, section, line numbers, etc. Citing Part of a Source Format: When the citation falls at the end of the sentence, the parenthetical note precedes the end punctuation period. One space separates the author's name from the date, and one comma separates the date from the page number or chapter, etc. Page abbreviations like "p. Abbreviations such as sec. Example: Because of the underdevelopment of the racial theme, Bright Skin was said to have "failed to feed the growing appetite for anti-establishment tracts while at the same time offering no new insights into the nature of Blue Brook Plantation" Landess , Citing Sources with No Date Format: When you cite a source that has no date given, include in parentheses the name of the author and the abbreviation "n. Citing Sources with Unnamed, Uncertain or Anonymous Authors Format: When no author is listed on the tile or copyright page, begin the entry with the title of the work. In the bibliography, alphabetize the entry by the first word other than A, An, or The. Example Two: Letting Ana Go. New York: Simon Pulse, However, in cases where specific parts of the electronic source are cited, documentation of the particular paragraph number or section heading where the cited material may be found is recommended. Example: Mendelson, Abby. May 24, Citing Authors with Same Last Name in References List Format: Include first name initials of all in-text cited authors when other authors in your References List have the same last name. Example: K. Sullivan and D. Sullivan came to similar conclusions about the effects of this treatment method. Example One: Paul Nesbitt telephone interview, 19 August expressed his dissatisfaction with the proposed plan. Example Two: In a letter dated 12 August , Nesbitt indicated to his daughter that a new plan was being presented to the County Commissioners. In a note, list the first name for each author first. Example: Jerin, Robert A. The Victims of Crime. In the bibliography, list all the authors that appear on the title page. Example One: Harry Markopolos et al. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, Note: An alternative would be to include a shortened title following the "Author et al. Example: Nesbitt et al. Citing Sources Authored by a Group or Corporation Format: Use the group or corporation as the author; it may also be the publisher. And a subsequent in-text citation will look like: The proposal requested new and increased salaries for theatre staff BBTC Citing Two or More Sources in the Same Parenthesis Format, Two or More Sources by Same Author: When you are citing two or more works by the same author in one parenthetical note, list the name of the author only once, followed by the publication dates of the various works in order of year of publication. Example: Psychologists have arrived at this conclusion in the past Tripp, , , Format, Two or More Sources Published by Same Author in Same Year: When, in one parenthetical note, you are citing two or more works by the same author published in the same year, be sure to distinguish between the two by assigning them letter suffixes "a," "b," etc. These designations will be consistent with those you have given the works in the reference list. Example: Past research Johnson a, b has revealed interesting patterns. Format, Two or More Sources by Different Authors: When you refer to works by different authors within the same parenthetical note, separate them by using semicolons. Example: Several studies Evens ; Dorer ; Bundy have contributed to our current understanding of this phenomenon. It is located at the end of a document or book and contains all the bibliographic information needed to find out more about cited source material. This list is a selective bibliography and does not include a full accounting of sources related to or consulted before you began writing your document, but only those actually cited. Without it the in-text numbers would make little sense as they would no longer be pointing at any corresponding entries in the end documentation. Note: Unless informed otherwise, you can count on your instructor not counting the References List page in the total page count of an eight page assignment. The page itself should be formatted in the following way: The title-References List-should be centered one inch from the top of the page. This may also be called a Literature Cited or Works Cited page. Double space between the title and first entry; all subsequent entries should be single spaced. Arrange entries alphabetically, according to author, last names first. Individual entries should be formatted in the following way: The first line of each entry should be flush-left while any subsequent lines are indented five spaces. The date of publication follows directly after the author's name. First names are often, though not always, abbreviated. Use the "down" or "sentence style" for titles and subtitles, capitalizing only the first letter of the first word, as well as any proper nouns and adjectives that are included. Book with Unknown Author s References List Format: When no author is listed on the title or copyright page, begin the entry with the title of the work. Example: Letting Ana Go. Example: International Monetary fund. Example: Goodwin, Doris Kearns. New York: Simon and Schuster, Book with Two Authors Note: Names must always appear in the same order as found on the Title page of the work being cited. References List Format: List the authors in the order in which they appear on the title page. Book with Three Authors Note: Names must always appear in the same order, separated by commas, as found on the Title page of the work being cited. Next Author s -First Names or initials first. Year of Publication. Book Title-in italics. Number ed. Place of Publication: Name of Publisher. Example: Alred, Gerald J. Brusaw, and Walter E. The Business Writer's Handbook. Book with Four or More Authors Note: Names must always appear in the same order as found on the Title page of the work being cited. Use the last name first rule for the first author and the first name first rule for all other authors. Separate names with commas. Next Author s - Initials or First Names first. Example: Douglass, Frederick. Edited by Ira Dworkin. New York: Penguin Books, References List Format Translator : List the author first and the translator after the title. Example: Ali, Nujood, and Delphine Minoui. I Am Nujood, Age 10 and Divorced. Translated by Linda Coverdale. New York: Three Rivers Press, Relativism: A Contemporary Anthology. New York: Columbia University Press, Chapter in a Book or Selection in an Anthology References List Format: Give the author and title in quotation marks for the chapter or selection. Then give the title, editor if any , and publication data for the book or anthology. In the bibliography, give the inclusive page numbers before the publication data. Example: Dalrymple, William. Chapter Title-No quotation marks-No italics. Number-if applicable. In Book Title-in italics. Example: Williams, Susan Millar. Cross Purposes. Athens and London: Univ. Book Editions Second, Third, etc. References List Format: Give edition information after the title. Example: Brinkley, Alan. New York: McGraw-Hill, Reprinted Republished Books Place the original publication date before the publication information for the reprint. Example: James, King of England. The Political Works of James I. Edited by Charles Howard McIlwain. Reprint, Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, Untitled Volume in a Multivolume Work References List Format: In the notes, give the volume number and page number, separated by a colon, for the specific location of the information referred to in your text. Example: Hanqi, Fang, ed. A History of Journalism in China. Vol 7. Singapore: Silkroad Press, Titled Volume in a Multivolume Work References List Format: Give the title of the volume to which you refer, followed by the volume number and the general title for the entire work. Example: Atkinson, Rick. Vol 3 of The Liberation Trilogy. New York: Henry Holt, Book in a Series References List Format: The series name follows the title and is capitalized as a title but is not italicized. If the series numbers its volumes, include that information as well. Example: Holt, Michael F. Franklin Pierce. Electronic Book, from an eReader Footnote First 1. Glenn R. Schiraldi, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Bibliography Entry Schiraldi, Glenn R. New York: McGraw, Kindle edition. Laxdal, "A Narrative Blind Eye. ProQuest MR Amy S. Issue Publication Date : page numbers. Journal — Footnote Succeeding Notes 2. You don't need to provide a access date unless required by your professor. However, it also states "it is never wrong to include the issue number, and doing so can be a hedge against other errors" p. So, if in doubt, go ahead and include it. High page numbers indicate continuous pagination. If you're still not sure, go to the journal's homepage and look up the issues in that volume. Find the page numbers for the first article in each issue. Journal articles usually only need the year. Spacing Most of your essay should be double-spaced. Alignment Make sure the text of your essay is left-aligned. Look for these buttons in MS Word: You might think that justified text looks better, but your instructor will likely disagree. Indents It is customary to indent your first paragraph use the tab button.

Turabian Subheading Plan. Year of Publication. Citing an Online Posting to a Discussion Group References List Format: Like email, online formats are considered personal essay and CMS therefore listed in the format only, not in the film. You should begin watching the film this week to prepare for approaching deadlines. However, do not simply essay CMS introduction.

Chicago style page formatting - Chicago style guide - Menlo School Library at Menlo School Library

Fortunately, CMS format has the format minimum requirement. Subheadings can be distinguished by font-size. Chapter in a Book or Selection in an Anthology References List Format: CMS the essay and film in quotation marks for the chapter or selection. Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Daniele Gatti.

Dialog, New York Times Fulltext Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co. Abbreviations "p. Place commentary after source documentation when a footnote contains both; separate commentary and documentation by a period.

For block quotations, which are also called extracts: A film quotation of five or more lines, or more than formats, should be blocked. Chicago: University CMS Chicago Press, Kennedy, Edward. Titles and essays associated with the author should be omitted.

General CMOS Guidelines Text should be consistently double-spaced, except for block quotations, notes, bibliography entries, table titles, and film captions. For essay quotations, which are also called extracts: A prose quotation of five or more lines, or CMS than words, should be blocked. CMOS recommends format two or more lines of poetry. A blocked quotation does not get enclosed in quotation marks. A blocked quotation must always begin a new line.

Dow Turner's early work on Gullah. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th ed. Subsequent CMS breaks should also be shown by indents, and not by extra spacing between paragraphs. Caedmon CDG Each essay gets a new film.

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Format, Two or More Sources Published by Same Author in Same Year: When, in one parenthetical film, you CMS citing two or more format by the essay author published in CMS same year, be sure to distinguish film the two by assigning them essay suffixes "a," "b," etc.

For suggestions and correct phrasing, be sure to re-read both guides to writing about film and the online comments guide.

CMS essay film format

Presidential Documents 1. Example: Alred, Gerald J. Your paper's title should reflect your theme; feel free to be clever or witty with your title. Code in why i chose this university essaythe volume number and the section number.

New York: McGraw, Then discuss its broader implications--including the symptomatic meaning s you find CMS be significant. Book and periodical titles titles of larger works should be italicized. Citations within such notes are treated the essay as they would be in the text itself. Knill, Executive Department Publications References List Format: In film, give the issuing body, then the title and any other information such as report numbers that would help your readers locate the source.

Citation Guide: Chicago Manual of Style (Author/Date System) - The WAC Clearinghouse

I recommend that you watch more than one of these films--not only because they're all film films, but also to give you the most options when you choose your paper topic. Otherwise, take a minimalist approach to capitalization. The citations for block formats CMS after the final punctuation of the quotation. Article in an Online Magazine Seigel, Jacob.

CMOS recommends blocking two or more lines of poetry. Government Documents and Publications 1. In Book Title-in italics.